Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a tropical plant with edible fruit and the most economically important plant in the family Bromeliaceae. Pineapples are native to South America, and have been cultivated there for centuries. The introduction of the pineapple to Europe in the 17th century made it a significant cultural icon of luxury. Since the 1820s, pineapples have been grown commercially in greenhouses and many tropical plantations. In addition, pineapple is the third most important tropical fruit in world production.
Pineapple varieties that have long been developed in Indonesia are pineapples Queen and Smooth Cayenne. Pineapple Queen is widely grown in the Bogor area and Palembang, while Smooth Cayenne pineapple is planted in the Subang area. Pineapple is Indonesia's leading export processed fruit Indonesia is the third largest exporter of canned pineapple in the world after the Philippines and Thailand.